Троцки Германски агент ли е? https://mltheory.files.wordpress.com/2017/06/furr.pdf Leon Trotsky’s Collaboration with Germany and Japan https://mltheory.files.wordpress.com/2017/06/furr.pdf
“Let’s start with the fact that Russians had a good opportunity of getting high education for free and even getting stipend about 1/2 of a modest salary – if academically successful. College and university students studied Marxism no matter what their major was. As a student in electronics engineering I knew quite a bit about communism and similar stuff, even though I didn’t want to.
As a result, many Soviet people knew definitions of communism, socialism, capitalism, etc. For example, communism is about a moneyless, classless, and stateless society with distribution principle “from each according to their ability, to each according to their need.” So everyone knew it is about a never existed (except prehistoric “primitive communism”) society, and nobody would call Soviet Union “Communist nation.” It was a good invention of the Western politicians to name it communist, because it helped a lot in ideological war against USSR.
By the way, ‘USSR’ stands for the “Union of Soviet Socialist Republics,” not communist. Though it wasn’t really the case, because strictly speaking, Soviet Union was a state capitalist one: there was wage labor, means of production did not belong to workers, workers were exploited by the class named “Nomenclatura” who managed the resources allocation.
Now I want to tell my opinion about communism. According to K. Marx, communism cannot exist in one country, which makes sense. Imagine a country nearby where everything is for free and there is no state to defend this free stuff from neighbours. We would run there and take everything we can and put it in our garages. I would rent a trailer for this purpose. In no time there would be no communism, just nothing.
So communism, as Marx believed, is a future of the whole planet, when productive forces are developed to the extent that scarcity is not a problem. Imagine for a moment that this abundant society is possible and think about the advantages:
1. You don’t waste time on tax return, banking, looking for promotions, sales, coupons, mail-in-rebates, standing in lines to a register, waiting for a check in restaurant, buying tokens for parking, paying tolls, fines, co-pays, whatever;
2. You don’t have to worry about having something more fancy or expensive than your neighbour – because there is no way of impressing people by having something special. Everyone can have it, so what?
3. You can impress people by your merits, not an ability to pretend you have them. So there is no necessity of lying, making political tricks; instead you can enjoy doing something useful for you and others. It is close to carrying about yourself and your family members. I would say, it’s the same feeling;
4. Instead of constant fighting in competition and being ready to make something that doesn’t correspond to your moral standards but is necessary for survival, you can dedicate your time to self-improvement, learning what is genuinely interesting to you, collaborate with others to make a great achievements in whatever field you like;
5. You don’t have to waste time on commuting to work while realizing how bad it is for the environment – to burn gas, to wear off your car, etc. It’s because possessing a property that is hard to sell and a great headache of buying something closer to work is not a problem anymore. It feels really good;
6. You don’t have to worry about your yacht the whole year round. When you get a fantazy to enjoy it, you take it. When you don’t need it, you don’t get frustrated it grows older;
7. There is no need in having keys, remembering passwords, hiding professional secrets, paying for new music, movies, books, and the like. Everything is yours, all information is free.
So communism is not that bad; what is bad is attempting to implement it without having necessary and sufficient prerequisites for having this order desireable, possible, and stable. Just study “Scientific Communism” (as I did in the university), and you will be not wanting to participate in any bloody revolutionary activities. Unfortunately, young people, having little idea what is communism, are trying to ‘implement’ it, creating disaster.
Now about the life in the Soviet Union.
I lived there for a good part of my life. If I were working there as hard as I do in the US, I would have a great position and a great life.
Without making much efforts, I became a manager of R&D department with a good salary and interesting job. I can imagine what career I could do if I worked there really hard as Americans do.
There was no fear of losing job; one could concentrate on his ideas, make research he liked. After work there was no paperworks like tax return, no need of keeping tons of documents, no need of trying to sell yourself. Just have a rest, and enjoy your time. I remember, all documents for the family of four were sitting in one small drawer; there were passports, electricity/gas bills (that you don’t keep after paying), and basically that’s it. It was simple.
As a kid, I liked electronics and was building portable AM receivers, amplifiers, and the like. There was a good ‘kruzhok’ (circle, group) with a good teacher – electronics engineer who taught kids in this field. All materials, radio-components were offered for free; lessons were free also. I had a great fun without having to ask my parents for financial support.
But again, it wasn’t communism – just a welfare state. All people’s life depended upon the merits of a small elite group, or even one person who had power. It is a Russian custom to believe in a “good king”, and people didn’t actually try to make a change. This stagnation that lead to the fall of the Union was a result of absence of a real powerful leader.
Not sure I’m answering the question as it was intended, but, if there are more specific questions, I’m ready to help.”
“There is an ambiguity in the term “Communism”. The way it had been defined by the theoreticians (as a common ownership, absence of classes, money and state) was never even close anywhere, including Russia. It is very appealing idea not only for Russians, but for many other peoples.
But the word “Communism” in every day use in the western countries, has a different meaning. Soon after Bolsheviks took over Russia, they themselves realized the tallness of their claim, but instead of confessing it in public and stepping down (such moves happened before and after them, albeit very rarely), they decided to keep power in their hands and used the word “Communism” to justify their existence and their demands for the dedicated (almost sacrificial) labor of other members of the society.
Western propaganda picked up on this opportunity and used it to discredit the idea of Communism by applying the word “Communism” to whatever happened in Russia (the Soviet Union, actually), thus aligning with Bolsheviks in adding new meaning to the word “Communism.”
So, what do Russian people think about Communism? They think the same thing as the peoples of other nations: some people hate it (not trying to distinguish between the idea and the meaning of the word in use), some people love it (the idea of just and happy society, which was not implemented yet), some see its impracticability (so, why to waste effort of thinking about it at all), some (very few) are trying to find better theoretical justification, some (even fewer) are trying to find practical ways to achieve it.
As for me, I miss Soviet Union as the time when I – an ordinary person, not having particular reason to conflict with authorities – could do what I loved without worrying about my future (or about any material aspects of life for that matter). But now, after I learned my ways around in a capitalist society, I can do even more than I could then. The price was the ideals lost. It hurts. I cannot feel warm and cozy anymore. Was it worth it? Do I want to turn back the clock? Good questions.”
“Intriguing question. Russians (sic!) I’ve talked to sometimes reveal surprising thoughts about communism. Many have soft-and-fuzzy recollections of their czars, though very few deny that Nicholas had to go. They tend to see the October/November revolution as engineered in part by the Germans (who smuggled Ulianov/Lenin into Russia to take that country out of the war), and a trio of non-Russians: The Gruz/Georgian Dzugasvili/Stalin, the Jew Trotsky, and the Tatar Lenin. Even the group that butchered the Romanov family was composed largely by non-Russian (Latvian?) riflemen.
So “communism” (actually Bolshevism) was, in the view of many Russians, imposed on the peoples of the Empire by outsiders. It brought industrialization, modernization and the eradication of class-based oppression, replacing the latter with ideology-based oppression. Life in Bolshevik Soviet-land was relatively worry-free from cradle to grave, IF you just hunkered down and kept your deep-down feelings to yourself. Many miss that worry-free life, because the New Russia has not delivered for them —- not yet.”
“Russian people are mostly confused on this matter. The sources of confusion are:
The reality of Soviet life
Nazi/CIA anti-Soviet propaganda
Russia is a traditional society and Soviet socialism was based on Christian values:
“Or what man is there of you, whom if his son ask bread, will he give him a stone? Or if he ask a fish, will he give him a serpent?”
Labor was not a commodity in peasant Russia. Farm hands were eating at the same table from the same pot as their peasant employers and even during censuses were often reported as family members. Labor entailed moral obligations. You can not just kick a worker out into the street when you don’t need his labor. You make sure he has other means of subsistence. The same principle was extended to entire society and right for job and right for housing became constitutional right of Soviet people.
On the other hand, Marxist theory that every student in the USSR was indoctrinated with, considered labor commodity and denied any moral obligations . Marx even claims that wife and children are the first property and essentially slaves. Marx reduces family to man disposing of his wife’s and children’s labor. In Marx’s theory both family and the state will die out and all people will become entrepreneurs exchanging their goods in free market. What Marx calls “communism” is in fact supercapitalism.
If you open the “Communist manifesto”, you will see that 2/3 of the book is glorifying capitalism and the remaining 1/3 is smearing all kinds of socialism. Apparently, Marx’s project was to justify worldwide dictatorship of Anglo-American capitalism. Sectarian Anglo-Saxon oligarchy was even presented as the only source of “real” socialism because by ripping people off it creates its “grave diggers” – proletarians, who supposedly will make “right” revolution and build “real” socialism. All other socialisms in Marxist terms are “utopian”.
Soviet socialism, like any other modern socialism borrowed heavily from German socialism: free universal school education, banning exploitation of children, free health care, retirement benefits. Yet Marx specifically opposed all these developments in Germany because they prevent dictatorship of sectarian oligarchy. Government “bribes” workers and delays “right” socialist revolution. Marx wanted to kick German kids out of schools and lock them up in coal pits like in England:
“A general prohibition of child labor is incompatible with the existence of large-scale industry and hence an empty, pious wish. Its realization — if it were possible — would be reactionary”
“”Equal elementary education”? What idea lies behind these words? Is it believed that in present-day society (and it is only with this one has to deal) education can be equal for all classes? Or is it demanded that the upper classes also shall be compulsorily reduced to the modicum of education — the elementary school — that alone is compatible with the economic conditions not only of the wage-workers but of the peasants as well?”
Because Marxist nonsense was presented to Soviet students as an universal theory of everything, they began doubting the reality around them. CIA propaganda broadcast by the CIA owned Russian language radio stations was exploiting the same Marxist/Liberal dogmas and was devastatingly effective. On the other hand, works of scientific sociology/anthropology were not available to Soviet people. Even the seminal “Protestant ethics and spirit of capitalism” by Max Weber, published in 1904 was a big no-no in the USSR. So resisting joined forces of Marxist and CIA propaganda was all but impossible”