1984 depicts the perfect totalitarian society. It is absolutely sustainable- this is also shown in the book. How?
The entire world is involved. The countries of Eastasia and Eurasia (real or not) help perpetuate a continuous war that keeps Oceania alive. Any other countries are nonexistent or so hidden they seem to be so. It is impossible to contact outside countries. Everyone is a part of the totalitarian regime of Big Brother.
Surveillance. The telescreens and other forms of surveillance cover the entire world of 1984. It is impossible to escape the eyes of Big Brother. Surveillance ensures that all citizens are monitored and no rebellious thoughts progress.
History is controlled. Winston plays an active role in this. Every day he destroys and rewrites new “historical documents”. No one questions what the “truth” is. Everyone accepts what the Party tells them, and the Party tells them whatever they want.
Children play an active role in government surveillance. “Nearly all children nowadays were horrible… they adored the Party and everything connected with it.” When children are involved in totalitarianism, the future generation is secure. You ask if the society is sustainable. If the next generation is secure, there are little to no threats to the future of a society.
Rebellion is crushed. The example of Goldstein and others being vaporized deters citizens from even thinking rebellious thoughts. Even when Winston believes he is going to “join the rebellion”, he is being played like a fiddle by the Party and O’Brien.
Perpetuation of class tension. When the classes hate each other, no one hates the government. The proles never realize that it is the government who creates their problems. The upper classes look at the proles with disdain. Class tension ensures power.
There are no interpersonal relationships. “The aim of the party was not merely to prevent men and women from forming loyalties which it might not be able to control… The Party was trying to kill the sex instinct.” Children mistrust their parents and parents live in constant fear. Men and women have no safety in marriage. The Party prevents any and all human connection. This ensures that there are no large rebellions.
The government controls the minds of the people. “Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two makes four.” The people within this society are constantly controlled by propaganda, education, and more. They don’t even have the freedom to believe that two plus two equals four. Mind control keeps power in the hands of the Party.
This is not the Hunger Games. This is not Divergent. 1984 is the most realistic dystopian novel to date. A single person cannot overthrow a government. They require much more help.
“Power is not a means, it is an end.”
The Party values nothing but power. They have specifically designed the society of Oceania so that they can keep it.
The Party will never fall. With all the safeguards, it is impossible.